PTC timeline: How did we get here?

Metra commuter and Norfolk Southern freight trains meet at tower A2 northwest of Union Station.
Steve Sweeney
Trains tracks the evolution of positive train control technology from the 1980s to present!

August 1985 – Burlington Northern executives approve testing a PTC prototype system, ARES, in Minnesota’s Iron Range.

May 1, 2007 – U.S. Rep. James Oberstar introduces H.R. 2095 that will become the Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008, requiring PTC implementation.

Sept. 12, 2008 – Crash between Metrolink commuter and Union Pacific freight trains kills 25 people. The engineer at fault was texting and missed a stop signal.

October 2008 – Pres. George W. Bush signs Oberstar’s bill into law. Deadline for U.S. railroads to comply set for Dec. 31, 2015.

January 2010 – Federal Railroad Administration issues first set of “final” PTC implementation rules. Railroads oppose regulatory language and definitions.

July 2010 – Association of American Railroads challenges FRA rules in court. Class I railroads work to obtain more radio frequencies.
Intermodal trains meet on Cajon Pass in southern California near new positive train control equipment installations.
Steve Sweeney
March 2011 – FRA and AAR reach settlement on differences.

May 2012 – FRA issues a second set of “final” PTC rules.

December 2012 – FRA issues a third set of proposed rules.

May 2013 – Federal Communications Commission tells AAR, FRA that railroads must apply for historic review of every PTC radio tower.

Aug. 1, 2013 – Senate Bill 1462 would extend deadline for railroads to implement positive train control systems until Dec. 31, 2020.

May 2014 – FCC, preservation committee, and railroads reach agreement on radio tower

June 11, 2014 – “Grow America Act,” H.R. 4834, includes language that would allow FRA to permit PTC in stages, effectively eliminating the 2015 deadline.

Aug. 22, 2014 – FRA issues a third set of “final” PTC rules.
A Norfolk Southern freight passes an Amtrak Acela Express train on the Northeast Corridor between Baltimore and Perryville, Md.
Michael S. Murray
May 2015 – Amtrak Northeast Regional train No. 188 derails at Frankford Junction in Philadelphia while operating at more than double the posted speed limit. Eight people die as a result.

December 2015 – Amtrak activates complete Advanced Civil Speed Enforcement System, positive train control for the Northeast Corridor.

October 2015 – President Obama signs legislation extending the PTC deadline until Dec. 31, 2018. Law also requires railroads to submit revised PTC implementation plans within 90 days.

May 2016 – National Transportation Safety Board Vice Chairman T. Bella Dinh-Zarr urges colleagues to cite the absence of PTC as a second "probable cause" of the Amtrak train No. 188 derailment in May 2015. Board opts to list lack of PTC as a contributing factor to the accident.

March 2018 – A letter from Amtrak's Director of Government Affairs Patrick Edmond sent to lawmakers raises the possibility that, even though positive train control is not required by the Federal Railroad Administration on the portion of the route only traversed by the Southwest Chief, Amtrak would require such technology for future operations.

For more on many of the incidents mentioned here, pick up the Train Wrecks Vol. 2 special issue, available now.
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